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The benefits of bariatric surgery in achieving sustainable weight loss have been well established. But recent research is showing that bariatric surgery can also help reduce the effects of specific diseases or eliminate them all together.
This is particularly true in controlling type 2 diabetes. According to the American Society for Metabolic and Bariatric Surgery, obesity is a complicating factor in 80% of cases of type 2 diabetes. Even a small amount of weight loss can affect the disease, so it’s not too surprising that the loss of a substantial amount of weight can help control blood sugar levels in the body.
In fact, nearly 77% of diabetic patients who participated in an American Medical Association study didn’t require their medications after bariatric surgery and 86% experienced less severity of the disease.
Further studies are trying to figure out what other mechanisms come into play besides weight loss when a diabetic patient undergoes bariatric treatment. This includes research into which procedures offer the most benefits to diabetic patients.
Owing to the epidemic of obesity, nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is becoming increasingly prevalent. Bariatric surgery can help reduce complications of NAFLD, including steatohepatitis, fibrosis and steatosis. The connection isn’t fully understood yet, but additional studies are being conducted to find out how bariatric surgery affects the severity of this form of liver disease.
While the benefits of bariatric surgery are becoming well known for diabetes, weight loss surgery is also shown to have positive affects on hypertension, hyperlipidemia, obstructive sleep apnea and even depression. The rates of resolution or improvement vary widely by the type of surgery performed.
On thing is for sure. The side effects of obesity can be far reaching, ranging from the onset or worsening of type 2 diabetes to serious heart issues. Many of the benefits of bariatric surgery are just now becoming understood. The weight loss experts at the Metabolic Medicine & Surgery Institute at Florida Hospital Celebration Health continue to monitor these studies to further understand the potentially far-reaching effects of bariatric surgery beyond significant weight loss.
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